10 Critical Rules for Safe Ladder Setup

December 26, 2012 by  
Filed under Uncategorized

Working safely on a ladder depends on proper setup. Make
sure your employees know the rules.


To avoid ladder accidents, employees have to
set up ladders correctly. Be sure to teach them these 10 ladder setup rules.

Place the ladder on a firm, level surface, and
check to make sure the ladder is stable. Use wide boards under the ladder to
give stability if the ground is soft.

Never set a ladder on top of a drum, stack of
pallets, or other object to gain more height. Use a taller ladder instead. If
you set up a ladder on such an unstable base, you’re just asking for an

Never set up a ladder in front of a door unless
the door is locked or blocked—or you’ve got someone standing on the other side
to keep people from opening the door.

Never lean a ladder against a surface that isn’t
strong enough to support your weight, such as a window or an object that might
move under your weight.

Never fasten two ladders together for additional
height. Instead, use a taller ladder or an extension ladder designed for
two-ladder coupling.

Make sure the spreaders on stepladders are fully
extended and locked in place and that locking devices on extension ladders are

Remember the 4-to-1 rule: Place the base of the
ladder 1 foot from the wall for every 4 feet between the base and the support
point. For example, if it is 8 feet from the base of a ladder to its support
point, the base of the ladder should be 2 feet away from the building.

Extend extension ladders at least 3 feet above a
support point such as the edge of a roof.

Make sure that the upper section of an extension
ladder overlaps and rests on the bottom section. The overlap should always be
on the climbing side of the ladder. For ladders of 36 feet or more, the overlap
should be least 3 feet.

Secure ladders at the top and bottom.

Simple Rules for Preventing Falls

Select the right ladder (height and type) for
the job.

2.       Inspect
ladders carefully before each use.

3.       Follow
ladder safety rules and regulations.

4.       Use
common sense—only one person on a ladder at a time.

5.       Hold
on while your climb and while you work

6.       Don’t
overreach; get down and move the ladder.

7.       Report
safety problems with ladders right away.

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